Athanasius: a remarkable soldier of Jesus Christ

His enemies called him "Black Dwarf", because he was short and dark-skinned. Athanasius of Alexandria fought many enemies during his career as a bishop. The Roman emperors exiled him multiple times. But in the end, Athanasius prevailed. He defended the honour of his Lord Jesus and the Lord used him as a great teacher. Athanasius … Continue reading Athanasius: a remarkable soldier of Jesus Christ

Who is the Holy Spirit (LD 20, Nicene Creed)

Introduction As Christians, our focus is on our Lord Jesus Christ. The catechism took quite some time (Lord’s Days 11 to 19) to discuss his identity and his work. It says much less about the Holy Spirit. An obvious reason is that the Apostles’ Creed has only that short line: “I believe in the Holy … Continue reading Who is the Holy Spirit (LD 20, Nicene Creed)

Christ’s work in heaven (LD 18-19, q&a 49-51)

Introduction After completing his ministry on earth, Jesus returned to heaven. He will be there until he comes back for the final stage of history. While we live our lives here on earth, what is Jesus doing? Is he simply enjoying being back with his Father, basking in heavenly glory? No, our Lord Jesus is … Continue reading Christ’s work in heaven (LD 18-19, q&a 49-51)

The risen Lord gives life (LD 17, q&a 45)

Introduction A few days after his death and burial, Jesus came out of the grave. The tomb was empty, and angels were around to tell his followers what had happened. “He is not here, for he has risen!” This was an enormous miracle, with far-reaching consequences that Jesus’ disciples only realised gradually. But it became … Continue reading The risen Lord gives life (LD 17, q&a 45)

Jesus went down into hell (LD 16, q&a 44)

Introduction The Apostles’ Creed summarizes Jesus’ path of humiliation in three step: “He suffered, died, and was buried;” then it adds: “he descended into hell.” This statement raises questions. When did this happen? Where exactly did Jesus go? These are not easy questions. The “descent into hell” is the most puzzling article in the Apostle’s … Continue reading Jesus went down into hell (LD 16, q&a 44)